Buckingham Palace was built in 1705. The palace has 775 rooms, including 19 state rooms, 52 royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms. Changing of the Guards takes place outside of Buckingham Palace during a shift change. This ceremony lasts about 45 minutes.
Big Ben is a clock tower that was built in April of 1858. The Great Clock started working on May 31, 1859 and first chimed in July of 1859. The official name for the bell itself is the "Great Bell," but gets its nickname from Sir Benjamin Hall. The bell weighs 16 tons and is about 7 feet tall. The clock tower was renamed the Elizabeth Tower in 2012 in honor of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee, but everyone still refers to it as Big Ben.
The London Eye
The London Eye was built in 1999 along the River Thames in London, England. It is 443 feet tall and has 32 air conditioned capsules that can hold as many as 25 people. A ride on the London Eye last 30 minutes and when you are at the top, you can see 25 miles away.
The London Tower Bridge
The bridge was opened June of 1894. It is 800 feet long and 213 feet tall. The bridge opens in the middle to let large boats pass on the Thames River. Over 40,000 people use the Tower Bridge every day. There is a section for cars ,as well as a separate section for people to walk across it.
The Gherkin, officially known by its street name address, 30 St. Mary Axe, is a 41 story skyscraper built in 2004 in the financial center of London. It is 591 feet tall. The building has received several awards for its unique design. It is a smart building. If the sun is shining, it adjusts itself by lowering the blinds. If it is hot inside, it opens its own windows. It is very economical by using only half the energy that a similar sized tower would use.
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